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高功率窄线宽光纤激光技术

来文昌 马鹏飞 肖虎 刘伟 李灿 姜曼 许将明 粟荣涛 冷进勇 马阎星 周朴

来文昌, 马鹏飞, 肖虎, 等. 高功率窄线宽光纤激光技术[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2020, 32: 121001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202032.200186
引用本文: 来文昌, 马鹏飞, 肖虎, 等. 高功率窄线宽光纤激光技术[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2020, 32: 121001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202032.200186
Lai Wenchang, Ma Pengfei, Xiao Hu, et al. High-power narrow-linewidth fiber laser technology[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2020, 32: 121001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202032.200186
Citation: Lai Wenchang, Ma Pengfei, Xiao Hu, et al. High-power narrow-linewidth fiber laser technology[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2020, 32: 121001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202032.200186

高功率窄线宽光纤激光技术

doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202032.200186
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(62035015,62005316);湖南省自然科学基金项目(2019JJ10005)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    来文昌(1996—),男,硕士研究生,主要从事光纤激光技术研究;laiwenchang203@163.com

    通讯作者:

    周 朴(1984—),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事光纤激光与光束合成技术研究;zhoupu203@163.com

  • 中图分类号: TN248.1

High-power narrow-linewidth fiber laser technology

  • 摘要: 以波长拓展为主线介绍了单频光纤振荡器的研究进展,以功率提升为主线介绍了单频连续光纤放大器的发展现状,以产生窄线宽种子源的方法为依据总结了1 μm波段高功率窄线宽连续光纤激光器的国内外研究成果。分析当前高功率单频光纤激光器和高功率窄线宽光纤激光器的发展趋势和面临的主要挑战,梳理并讨论高功率窄线宽光纤激光的关键技术,并基于当前高功率窄线宽光纤激光器的发展现状介绍其在各领域的应用价值。
  • 图  1  美国空军实验室811 W空间结构单频光纤放大器结构示意图[72]

    Figure  1.  Schematic of 811 W single frequency fiber amplifier with bulk optical structure in AFRL (cited from Ref. [72])

    图  2  国防科技大学550 W全光纤结构单频光纤放大器结构示意图[79]

    Figure  2.  Schematic of 550 W single frequency fiber amplifier with all-fiber structure in NUDT (cited from Ref. [79])

    图  3  韩国国防发展局基于窄线宽半导体激光实现2.05 kW窄线宽光纤激光结构示意图[105]

    Figure  3.  Schematic of 2.05 kW narrow linewidth fiber laser based on FBG-stabilized LD in Ground Technology Research Institute of South Korea (cited from Ref. [105])

    图  4  中国工程物理研究院基于窄线宽光纤振荡器实现3.08 kW窄线宽线偏振光纤激光结构示意图[22]

    Figure  4.  Schematic of 3.08 kW narrow linewidth linearly polarized fiber laser based on narrow linewidth fiber oscillator in CAEP (cited from Ref. [22])

    图  5  清华大学基于窄线宽光纤振荡器实现2.19 kW窄线宽光纤激光结构示意图[112]

    Figure  5.  Schematic of 2.19 kW narrow linewidth fiber laser based on narrow linewidth fiber oscillator in Tsinghua University (cited from Ref. [112])

    图  6  国防科技大学基于随机光纤激光实现1.01 kW窄线宽线偏振光纤放大器结构示意图[117]

    Figure  6.  Schematic of 1.01 kW narrow linewidth linearly polarized fiber amplifier based on random fiber laser in NUDT (cited from Ref. [117])

    图  7  上海光学精密机械研究所基于ASE滤波源实现2.7 kW窄线宽光纤激光结构示意图[25]

    Figure  7.  Schematic of 2.7 kW narrow linewidth fiber laser based on filtered ASE source in SIOM (cited from Ref. [25])

    图  8  国防科技大学基于级联正弦相位调制实现1.89 kW窄线宽线偏振光纤激光结构示意图[122]

    Figure  8.  Schematic of 1.89 kW narrow linewidth linearly polarized fiber laser based on cascaded sine phase modulation in NUDT (cited from Ref. [122])

    图  9  国防科技大学基于白噪声相位调制实现4.09 kW窄线宽光纤激光实验结果

    Figure  9.  Experimental results of 4.09 kW narrow linewidth fiber laser based on WNS modulation in NUDT

    图  10  中国工程物理研究院基于白噪声相位调制实现3.7 kW窄线宽光纤激光结构示意图[126]

    Figure  10.  Schematic of 3.7 kW narrow linewidth fiber laser based on WNS modulation in CAEP (cited from Ref. [126])

    图  11  中国科学院上海光学精密机械研究所基于白噪声相位调制和正弦相位调制实现3.01 kW窄线宽光纤激光结构示意图[127]

    Figure  11.  Schematic of 3.01 kW narrow linewidth fiber laser based on WNS and sine modulation in SIOM (cited from Ref. [127])

    图  12  美国空军实验室基于伪随机编码信号调制实现1.17 kW窄线宽光纤激光结构示意图[129]

    Figure  12.  Schematic of 1.17 kW narrow linewidth fiber laser based on PRBS modulation in AFRL (cited from Ref. [129])

    图  13  麻省理工学院基于伪随机编码信号调制实现3.1 kW窄线宽线偏振光纤激光结构示意图[23]

    Figure  13.  Schematic of 3.1 kW narrow linewidth linearly polarized fiber laser based on PRBS modulation in MIT (cited from Ref. [23])

    图  14  耶拿大学窄线宽光纤放大器结构示意图[136]

    Figure  14.  Schematic of narrow linewidth fiber amplifier obtained by Jena University (cited from Ref. [136])

    图  15  1064 nm单频光纤激光通过非线性晶体转换产生532 nm单频光纤激光结构示意图[11]

    Figure  15.  Schematic of nonlinear frequency transformation of single-frequency fiber laser from 1064 nm to 532 nm (cited from Ref. [11])

    图  16  四腔镜环形腔单谐振光参量振荡腔的实验结构图[191]

    Figure  16.  Experiment setup for four mirror ring cavity single resonant optical parametric oscillator (cited from Ref. [191])

    图  17  共孔径和分孔径相干合成示意图[196]

    Figure  17.  Schematic of filled aperture coherent beam combining (CBC) and tiled aperture CBC (cited from Ref. [196])

    图  18  中国科学院上海光学精密机械研究所10.8 kW光谱合成结构原理图[201]

    Figure  18.  Schematic of 10.8 kW spectra beam combining in SIOM (cited from Ref. [201])

    图  19  LIGO探测器简化示意图[13]

    Figure  19.  Simplified diagram of an advanced LIGO detector (not to scale)(cited from Ref. [13])

    inset (a): location and orientation of the LIGO detectors at Hanford, WA (H1) and Livingston, LA (L1); inset (b): the instrument noise for each detector near the time of the signal detection

    表  1  单频光纤振荡器研究进展

    Table  1.   Typical progress of single frequency Yb-doped fiber oscillators

    fiber typedoped ionsyearinstitutionstructurewavelength/nmpower/mWlinewidth/kHzRef.
    silica fiberTm2017Tianjin UniversityDBR192012036[63]
    Yb:YAG2019Shandong UniversityDBR10641101300[43]
    Nd2020SCUTDBR11201571.5[44]
    phosphate fiberYb2004NP PhotonicsDBR1064.22003[57]
    Yb2011SCUTDBR1064400<7[53]
    Yb2012NP PhotonicsDBR976100<3[42]
    Yb2013SCUTDBR1014164<7[58]
    Yb2013SCUTDBR1083100<2[59]
    Yb2016SCUTDBR1120625.7[60]
    Er-Yb2003DBR15602001.75[64]
    Er-Yb2005The University of ArizonaDBR15501600[65]
    Er-Yb2005The University of ArizonaDBR15351900[66]
    Er-Yb(PCF)2006The University of ArizonaDFB15342300[45]
    Er-Yb2008The University of ArizonaDFB1536165[40]
    Er-Yb2010SIOMDBR1535100<5[61]
    Er-Yb2010SCUTDBR15353061.6[62]
    Er-Yb2013DBR1538550<60[54]
    germanate fiberTm2007NP PhotonicsDFB1893503[39]
    Tm2018SCUTDBR195061712.5[46]
    Tm2019Zhejiang Universityring cavity195740020[52]
    Tm2019University of SouthamptonDBR19521520[47]
    silicate fiberTm2009AdValue PhotonicsDFB195040<3[41]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  单频掺镱光纤放大器研究进展

    Table  2.   Typical progress of single frequency Yb-doped fiber amplifiers (Non: nonlinearly polarized state, NA: not available, ATF: acoustically tailored fiber, T-YDF: tapered Yb-doped fiber, LMA: large mode area)

    yearinstitutionconfigurationpower/Wwavelength/nmPER/dBM2approachesRef.
    2005University of Southamptonbulk264106016<1.1counter-pumping[68]
    2007University of Southamptonbulk5111060Non1.6LMA fiber[69]
    2007Corningbulk5021064Non1.4bi-directionally pumping[70]
    2011AFRLbulk494106415<1.3ATF and counter-pumping[72]
    2011University of Michiganbulk5111064151.19chirally-coped-core fiber[71]
    2014AFRLbulk8111064NA<1.2ATF and thermal gradient[73]
    2008OFS Laboratoriesall-fiber1941083Non1.2acoustically-designed fiber[74]
    2011AFRLall-fiber2031065NAthermal gradient and gain competition[80]
    2012Laser Zentrum Hannoverall-fiber3011064Noncounter-pumping and thermal gradient[75]
    2012NUDTall-fiber3101064Non1.3LMA fiber[81]
    2013NUDTall-fiber3321064211.4LMA fiber[76]
    2013SIOMall-fiber1701064NA1.02strain gradient and thermal gradient[77]
    2017NUDTall-fiber414106416.91.34LMA fiber and strain gradient[78]
    2020NUDTall-fiber5501030Non1.47tapered fiber[79]
    2019LIGO Laboratoriesall-fiber178106419<1.32specialty LMA fiber[15]
    2019Laser Zentrum Hannoverall-fiber200106419LMA fiber and thermal gradient[82]
    2020University of Bordeauxall-fiber365106417<1.1LMA fiber and short fiber length[83]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  基于窄线宽光纤振荡器的高功率窄线宽光纤激光研究进展

    Table  3.   Progress of high power narrow-linewidth fiber lasers based on narrow-linewidth fiber oscillators

    yearinstitutionpower/kWlinewidthM2PER/dBRef
    2015HFB Photonics2.0575 GHz<1.4Non[106]
    2015Tianjin University0.5230 GHz<1.09>18[113]
    2016CAEP2.90.31 nmNon[107]
    2017NUDT1.0180.3 nm<1.2414[114]
    2017Tsinghua University3.122.5 nm1.58Non[111]
    2017CAEP1.0936.5 GHz1.114.5[108]
    2019Tsinghua University2.190.0865 nm1.46Non[112]
    2020CAEP3.080.2 nm<1.4511.6[22]
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  基于相位调制技术的高功率窄线宽光纤激光研究进展

    Table  4.   Progress of high power narrow-linewidth fiber lasers based on phase modulation techniques

    modulation methodsyearinstitutionpower/kWlinewidthM2PER/dBRef
    sine modulation2011Fibertek, Inc.1<0.5 GHz<1.4Non[121]
    2016NUDT1.8945 GHz<1.315.5[122]
    WNS modulation2017NUDT2.430.255 nm18.3[123]
    2018NUDT3.940.89 nm1.86Non[24]
    2018CAEP2.554 GHz<1.21Non[138]
    2018CAEP3.50.38 nm1.9Non[124]
    2019CAEP1.513 GHz1.1413[139]
    2019NUDT0.8271.8 GHz12[140]
    2019SIOM3.0148 GHz1.17Non[127]
    2019CAEP2.6232 GHz<1.314.2[125]
    2019CAEP3.70.3 nm<1.36Non[126]
    2020NUDT4.090.9 nm1.05Non
    PRBS modulation2014AFRL1.173 GHz1.2Non[129]
    2015AFRL1.475 GHz1.17Non[141]
    2016AFRL12.3 GHz<1.2Non[130]
    2016MIT3.112 GHz<1.1510[23]
    2018University of Michigan2.220 GHz1.09Non[134]
    2020SIOM1.272.2 GHz<1.2Non[128]
    2020DSO National Laboratories, Singapore16.9 GHz1.19Non[135]
    unavailable phase modulation2016Jena30.171.3Non[136]
    2017Jena3.50.181.3Non[137]
    2018Jena4.4Non[26]
    2018IPG2.530 GHz<1.1Non[27]
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-07-02
  • 修回日期:  2020-10-22
  • 刊出日期:  2020-11-19

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