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振动线测量技术在高能同步辐射光源增强器预准直单元中的应用

闫路平 刘晓阳 王小龙 董岚 王铜 门玲鸰 卢尚 韩圆颖 张露彦 闫皓月 马娜 何振强 柯志勇 李波 梁静

闫路平, 刘晓阳, 王小龙, 等. 振动线测量技术在高能同步辐射光源增强器预准直单元中的应用[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2023, 35: 124003. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202335.230125
引用本文: 闫路平, 刘晓阳, 王小龙, 等. 振动线测量技术在高能同步辐射光源增强器预准直单元中的应用[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2023, 35: 124003. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202335.230125
Yan Luping, Liu Xiaoyang, Wang Xiaolong, et al. Application of vibration wire measurement technology to pre-alignment units of High Energy Photon Source booster[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2023, 35: 124003. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202335.230125
Citation: Yan Luping, Liu Xiaoyang, Wang Xiaolong, et al. Application of vibration wire measurement technology to pre-alignment units of High Energy Photon Source booster[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2023, 35: 124003. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202335.230125

振动线测量技术在高能同步辐射光源增强器预准直单元中的应用

doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202335.230125
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(12075264)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    闫路平,yanluping@ihep.ac.cn

    通讯作者:

    董 岚,dongl@ihep.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: TL505

Application of vibration wire measurement technology to pre-alignment units of High Energy Photon Source booster

  • 摘要: 高能同步辐射光源(HEPS)的预准直单元数量庞大,且磁铁准直精度要求极高,为检验HEPS增强器预准直单元磁铁准直精度,需要在实验厅按照一定比例对其进行振动线磁中心验证测量。基于预研阶段已研发的振动线系统,详细介绍了振动线磁中心测量原理及扫描方法,研究了HEPS增强器两铁单元的磁中心准直精度检测方法并进行了验证实验。设计并搭建了振动线高精度重复定位夹持机构装置,研究了振动线下垂量的修正方法,并对增强器两铁单元的磁中心扫描结果进行拟合分析。实验结果表明,HEPS增强器两铁单元满足磁铁间相对位置误差优于 50 μm的预准直精度要求。
  • 图  1  HEPS增强器布局图

    Figure  1.  Layout diagram of HEPS booster

    图  2  增强器预准直单元振动线磁中心测量系统

    Figure  2.  Vibration wire magnetic center measurement system of pre-alignment unit of booster

    图  3  四极磁铁水平和垂直磁中心测量方法示意图

    Figure  3.  Schematic diagram of measuring methods for horizontal and vertical magnetic centers of quadrupole magnets

    图  4  六极磁铁水平磁中心测量方法示意图

    Figure  4.  Schematic diagram of measuring method of horizontal magnetic center of sextupole magnet

    图  5  陶瓷双锥丝线重复定位装置

    Figure  5.  Ceramic double cone thread repeat positioning device

    图  6  振动线测量程序

    Figure  6.  Vibrating wire measurement program

    图  7  振动线数据处理程序

    Figure  7.  Vibrating wire data processing program

    图  8  振动线磁中心扫描简意图

    Figure  8.  Simplified schematic of magnetic center scan of vibrating wire

    图  9  振动线垂度示意图

    Figure  9.  Schematic diagram of vibrating wire sag

    表  1  四六极铁设计参数

    Table  1.   Design parameters of the quadrupole and sextupole magnets

    magnet max.
    field
    min.
    field


    aperture
    /mm
    magnetic
    length
    /mm
    core
    length
    /m
    turns per
    pole
    max. of
    current
    /A
    min. of
    current
    /A
    good field
    region
    /mm
    field
    errors
    max.
    of power
    loss
    /kW
    water
    pressure
    drop
    /(kg·cm−2)
    water flow
    velocity
    /(m·s−1)
    temperature
    rise
    /℃
    weight
    /kg
    BS1QD13 33 T/m 1.5 T/m 40 300 290 13 411 19 ±16 5×10−4 3 3 2.45 5.7 345
    BS1SD6 1000 T/m2 30 T/m2 40 200 194 8 135.3 4.1 ±16 1×10−3 0.33 3 1.89 3 75
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  陶瓷双锥重复定位精度

    Table  2.   Ceramic double cone repeat positioning accuracy

    vibrating wire repeated
    positioning method
    cone
    angle
    deviation
    Xmax/μm
    deviation
    Ymax/μm
    deviation
    Xmin/μm
    deviation
    Ymin/μm
    deviation
    Xsat/μm
    deviation
    Ysat/μm
    compared with
    previous time
    70° 8.3 4.4 0.1 0.2 2.7 1.3
    90° 4.9 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.3
    110° 5.9 4.9 0.0 0 1.4 1.4
    compared with the
    initial zero
    70° 18.9 3.0 0.0 1.1 6.4 0.6
    90° 5.5 2.4 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.6
    110° 6.0 6.4 0.0 0.1 1.6 1.9
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  振动线与预准直单元水平磁轴准直

    Table  3.   The vibrating wire is aligned on the horizontal magnetic axis of the pre-alignment unit

    position operator lattice value horizontal offset/mm
    fixed end magnetic axis point 1 −50.0 −1.000
    2 −50.0 −1.000
    fixed end vibrating wire 1 −50.2 −1.004
    2 −50.0 −1.000
    free end magnetic axis point 1 −50.0 −1.000
    2 −50.0 −1.000
    free end vibrating wire 1 −50.2 −1.004
    2 −50.3 −1.006
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  振动线与预准直单元垂直磁轴准直

    Table  4.   The vibrating wire is aligned on the vertical magnetic axis of the pre-alignment unit

    position visual distance of the
    instrument from each
    measuring point/mm
    lattice
    value
    lattice value
    deviation
    vertical
    offset/mm
    vertical offset
    deviation/mm
    lattice
    value
    lattice value
    deviation
    vertical
    offset/mm
    vertical offset
    deviation/mm
    operator 1 operator 2
    vibrating wire of the fixed
    end of the quadrupole
    magnet
    2550 −41.0 50.0 −0.820 1.000 −41.5 51.0 −0.830 1.020
    magnetic axis point of the
    fixed end of the
    quadrupole magnet
    2295 9.0 0.180 9.5 0.190
    vibrating wire of the free
    end of the sextupole
    magnet
    2550 −43.0 50.0 −0.860 1.000 −43.0 50.5 −0.860 1.010
    magnetic axis point of the
    free end of the sextupole
    magnet
    2305 7.0 0.140 7.5 0.150
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  预准直单元四六极磁铁位置的振动线下垂量

    Table  5.   Sag of vibration wire at the position of pre-alignment unit quadrupole and sextupole magnets

    type of magnet L/mm δh/mm f1/Hz z1/mm z3/mm S(z)/mm
    quadrupole magnet 7453.0 1.8 18.36 1272.0 1592.0 −0.218
    sextupole magnet 18.30 1713.0 1931.0 −0.236
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  预准直单元振动线磁中心扫描重复性

    Table  6.   Repeatability of vibrating-wire magnetic center scanning in pre-alignment unit

    type of
    magnet
    timesX/mmX deviation/mmY/mmY deviation/mmX/mmX deviation/mmY/mmY deviation/mm
    magnetic center of fixed endmagnetic center of free end
    quadrupole
    magnet
    the first time−1.0020.0020.997−0.002−1.0020.0010.997−0.003
    the second time−1.0000.995−1.0010.994
    sextupole
    magnet
    the first time−0.959−0.0040.9890.006−0.965−0.0040.9890.001
    the second time−0.9630.995−0.9690.990
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  高能光源增强器预准直单元振动线扫描三维磁中心拟合偏差

    Table  7.   Fit deviation of vibration line scanning of 3D magnetic center of the pre-alignment unit of the High Energy Photon Source booster

    vibration wire fixation mode magnet inlet and outlet X/mm Y/mm Z/mm
    fixed end BS1QD13EN 0.003 −0.003 0.000
    free end BS1QD13EX −0.017 0.010 320.000
    fixed end BS1SD6EN 0.017 −0.007 441.000
    free end BS1SD6EX −0.003 0.000 661.000
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-05-11
  • 修回日期:  2023-10-12
  • 录用日期:  2023-10-12
  • 网络出版日期:  2023-11-04
  • 刊出日期:  2023-12-15

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