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基于波形测试的异质结双极型晶体管器件负载失配影响分析

张津豪 苏江涛 谢炜誉 邵世缘 徐魁文 李文钧

张津豪, 苏江涛, 谢炜誉, 等. 基于波形测试的异质结双极型晶体管器件负载失配影响分析[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2024, 36: 013006. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.230214
引用本文: 张津豪, 苏江涛, 谢炜誉, 等. 基于波形测试的异质结双极型晶体管器件负载失配影响分析[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2024, 36: 013006. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.230214
Zhang Jinhao, Su Jiangtao, Xie Weiyu, et al. Load mismatch effects to heterojunction bipolar transistor device based on waveform measurement[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2024, 36: 013006. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.230214
Citation: Zhang Jinhao, Su Jiangtao, Xie Weiyu, et al. Load mismatch effects to heterojunction bipolar transistor device based on waveform measurement[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2024, 36: 013006. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.230214

基于波形测试的异质结双极型晶体管器件负载失配影响分析

doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.230214
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(62293493); 科技部重点研发计划(2020YFB1804903)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张津豪,zjhhdu@163.com

    通讯作者:

    苏江涛,jtsu@hdu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TN97

Load mismatch effects to heterojunction bipolar transistor device based on waveform measurement

  • 摘要: 大功率电磁脉冲冲击下,射频集成微系统内部容易产生负载失配问题,严重者可能导致系统失效甚至损毁。采用实时的波形测试方法,对射频器件的负载失配进而导致器件损毁的机理进行了分析。该方法以矢量网络分析仪作为主要测试仪器,结合回波信号注入和相位参考模块获得待测器件实时电压电流波形,进而分析其负载失配影响机制。采用有源负载牵引技术模拟大功率耦合电磁脉冲注入,进行了电压驻波比39∶1的失配测试,大幅提升了测试范围。创新性地采用了谐波信号源注入模拟杂散谐波电磁干扰,评估器件的谐波阻抗失配特性。通过实际异质结双极型晶体管(HBT)器件测试的结果表明,基波的失配会造成负载端电压过大,增加器件的易损性;基波和谐波频率的干扰分量组合使得输出电压瞬态峰值升高,造成器件的损毁。在进行电磁安全防护时,应同时考虑基波和谐波频率的防护。
  • 图  1  失配测试系统框图

    Figure  1.  Block diagram of load mismatch measurement system

    图  2  实时负载牵引测试系统的照片

    Figure  2.  Photograph of real-time load pull measurement system

    图  3  寄生结构与去嵌入对比

    Figure  3.  Parasitic model and comparison about deembedding

    图  4  最佳阻抗点下的功率扫描

    Figure  4.  Power sweep under optimal load impedance

    图  5  失配测试的阻抗点位置

    Figure  5.  Locations of impedance point for ruggedness test

    图  6  HBT器件在二次谐波负载失配下的射频特性

    Figure  6.  Characteristic of HBT under 2nd harmonic load mismatch

    图  7  HBT器件在基波负载失配下的射频I-V特性

    Figure  7.  RF I-V characteristic of HBT under fundamental load mismatch

    图  8  失配时基波和二次谐波的动态负载线

    Figure  8.  DLLs of fundamental and 2nd harmonic ruggedness

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-10
  • 修回日期:  2023-09-08
  • 录用日期:  2023-08-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-01-15
  • 刊出日期:  2024-01-15

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