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高空核爆炸磁流体动力学电磁脉冲

王建国

王建国. 高空核爆炸磁流体动力学电磁脉冲[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2024, 36: 073001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.240105
引用本文: 王建国. 高空核爆炸磁流体动力学电磁脉冲[J]. 强激光与粒子束, 2024, 36: 073001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.240105
Wang Jianguo. Magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse produced by high altitude nuclear explosion[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2024, 36: 073001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.240105
Citation: Wang Jianguo. Magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse produced by high altitude nuclear explosion[J]. High Power Laser and Particle Beams, 2024, 36: 073001. doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.240105

高空核爆炸磁流体动力学电磁脉冲

doi: 10.11884/HPLPB202436.240105
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2020YFA0709800)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    王建国,wanguiuc@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TL91

Magnetohydrodynamic electromagnetic pulse produced by high altitude nuclear explosion

  • 摘要: 高空核爆炸产生的磁流体动力学(晚期)电磁脉冲对电力系统等国家重要基础设施具有严重影响。由于晚期电磁脉冲产生的机理复杂,依赖因素众多,包括爆炸当量、爆高、爆炸方位、爆炸时间、观察点位置以及土壤电导率等,因此,目前还没有成熟的代码可以模拟整个晚期电磁脉冲的产生过程。介绍晚期电磁脉冲的产生机理,讨论晚期电磁脉冲电场随核装置爆炸当量、爆高和大气状况的变化关系。E3A电场峰值随爆炸当量线性增加,而E3B电场峰值则随爆炸当量增加出现明显的饱和效应。分析了当前晚期电磁脉冲模拟代码现状,为进一步研究晚期电磁脉冲数值模拟方法和代码研发提供参考。
  • 图  1  HEMP波形示意图

    Figure  1.  Schematic of high altitude electromagnetic pulse waveform

    图  2  E3A电磁脉冲产生的示意图(火球扩展情况)[27]

    Figure  2.  Schematic of E3A generation (expanding fireball)[27]

    图  3  E3A电场峰值随爆高和大气密度的变化[27]

    Figure  3.  Peak electric field of E3A electromagnetic pulse vs burst altitude and atmospheric density[27]

    图  4  E3A电场峰值随爆炸当量的变化[27]

    Figure  4.  Peak electric field of E3A electromagnetic pulse vs burst yield[27]

    图  5  E3B产生机理的示意图[27]

    Figure  5.  Schematic of E3B generation[27]

    图  6  E3B电场峰值随爆高的变化关系[27]

    Figure  6.  Peak electric field of E3B electromagnetic pulse vs burst altitude[27]

    图  7  E3B电场峰值随当量的变化关系[27]

    Figure  7.  Peak electric field of E3B electromagnetic pulse vs burst yield[27]

    图  8  IEC标准给出的E3-EMP电场波形[28]

    Figure  8.  Waveform of electric field from IEC standard[28]

    图  9  IEC标准给出的水平磁场

    Figure  9.  Waveform of horizontal magnetic field from IEC standard

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  • 收稿日期:  2024-03-25
  • 修回日期:  2024-05-01
  • 录用日期:  2024-05-01
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-05-13
  • 刊出日期:  2024-05-31

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